The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is located in front of our ear where the skull and the lower jaw meet. The TMJ is the most frequently used joint in the body, allowing the lower jaw to move and function. Because of this high level of joint stress, injury and pain of the TMJ is not uncommon. If the TMJ is impaired, a condition called temporomandibular disorder (TMD) results. Diagnosing TMJ disorders can be complex and require different diagnostic procedures and imaging under the supervision of your oral and maxillofacial surgeon. If non-surgical treatment such as short-term non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or muscle relaxing medications, dental bite splint therapy and stress management are unsuccessful or if there is clear joint damage, surgery may be needed. Your surgeon will help you understand your treatment options after a thorough TMJ evaluation.